Mexico`s current government has promoted other tobacco control measures, such as a decree banning the import and export of new and emerging nicotine and tobacco products, as well as health warnings on the packaging and labeling of tobacco products that contain information about smoking and the risk of serious COVID-19 infection. At the other end of the spectrum is Bhutan, often considered the happiest country in the world where smoking is illegal, regardless of your age. Due to the increasing prevalence of adolescent smoking in the United States and Mexico (1,2), the U.S.-Mexico Health Task Force (US-MBC) identified tobacco prevention with a focus on adolescents as one of its four priority health issues in 1996. From 1970 to 1990, annual mortality rates for the leading causes of smoking-related deaths in Mexico nearly tripled, and in 1992 an estimated 10,253 people died in Mexico from smoking-related diseases, accounting for 9% of all deaths that year (3). In addition, smoking prevalence among minors aged 12-17 years increased from 6.6 per cent in 1988 to 9.6 per cent in 1993 (in Mexico City, the prevalence was 12.8 per cent in 1993) and in 1993, 72 per cent of adult smokers in Mexico reported smoking regularly before the age of 18 (2.4). Although Mexico`s General Health Law has prohibited the sale of tobacco products to minors under the age of 18 since 1984, compliance with this law has not been evaluated. As part of Mexico`s national programme to reduce smoking prevalence among children and adolescents and to support the objectives of the United States MBC, the Directorate-General of Epidemiology (GDE) of the Secretariat of Health (SOH) conducted a survey of tobacco shops in Mexico City in 1997 to determine the percentage of retailers willing to sell cigarettes to minors. This report summarizes the results of the survey, which suggest that virtually no retailers surveyed asked minors who wanted to buy cigarettes about their age, and that most retailers sold cigarettes to minors. The legal smoking age in Singapore could rise from 18 to 21 if a new bill is passed, which will be introduced in Parliament on Monday 2 October.
This survey, the first assessment of the illegal sale of cigarettes to minors in Mexico, was conducted from 23 March to 4 April 1997 in the 16 districts of Mexico City (population 1990: 8.5 million, excluding the surrounding metropolitan areas). Because no commercial list of tobacco outlets or tobacco permits was available, and because SOH staff did not have the resources to list a complete list of all operational tobacco outlets in the city, stores were selected when survey teams visited diverse socio-economic commercial and residential neighbourhoods in each of the 16 counties. Survey teams visited 35 stores in each of the 15 districts and 36 stores in one district. “places accessible to the public”) and workplaces, isolated indoor spaces may only be intended for smoking. Subnational jurisdictions may enact stricter smoke-free laws than national legislation. “This change represents a historic step forward for Mexico in its tobacco control policy and reaffirms its leadership role in tobacco control around the world,” said Dr. Cristian Morales Fuhrimann, PAHO Representative in Mexico. Some of the places where the legal age requirement in the United States is set at 21 are New York (but not all of New York State), Boston (but not the entire state of Massachusetts), and Hawaii. It is illegal for minors to buy, use or possess tobacco products in public Minors caught red-handed usually receive a warning or a $30 fine, with their school and parents informed and follow-up action taken by the school.
Minors arrested more than once must attend at least two smoking cessation counseling sessions to aggravate their crimes. Minors who do not meet the above requirements, or if arrested four or more times, may be charged in court and, if convicted, fined up to $300.  Rosario Hernández, director of health and wellness programs at Refleacciona con Responsabilidad, said the new enforcement should ultimately get more people to take tobacco law seriously. The first smoking offences in prohibited areas are warned, but repeat offenders are fined and punished. SOH will use the results of this investigation to highlight the need to assess retailers` compliance in other cities with the federal law prohibiting the sale of tobacco to minors in Mexico and highlight the need for resources to support increased enforcement efforts. In addition to enforcing strict access laws for minors, a comprehensive approach to preventing young people from starting to smoke should include provisions that reduce the attractiveness of cigarettes to minors through advertising and promotion restrictions and educational programmes (1). The General Tobacco Control Law is the main tobacco control law in Mexico. The Act covers many aspects of tobacco control, including: definitions of key terms; tobacco control policies; tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship; packaging and labelling; and law enforcement. The regulations of the General Tobacco Control Act were adopted in 2009 and regulate the General Health Licensing Act; packaging and labelling; advertising, promotion and sponsorship; restrictions on smoking in public; and law enforcement authorities and sanctions, among others. In December 2009, the Minister of Health published an agreement publishing provisions for the formulation, authorisation, application, use and inclusion of captions, images, pictograms, health messages and information to be displayed on all tobacco product packages, as well as on all their outer packaging and labelling. Notwithstanding Article 5.3 of the FCTC, which requires Parties to protect their public health policies from the commercial and other interests of the tobacco industry, these mandatory provisions result from an agreement between the Ministry of Health and the tobacco industry and have been issued in accordance with the authority of the Secretary under the General Tobacco Control Act and the provisions of the General Control Act. tobacco use.
Smoking. The Ministry of Health has issued several subsequent agreements containing updates to the health warnings that will appear on the packaging of smoked and smokeless tobacco products.