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In the United States, states, either formally or through private commercial publishers, generally follow the same three-part pattern for publishing their own laws: slippage law, sessional law, and codification. In the United States, acts of Congress, such as federal laws, are published chronologically in the order in which they become law – often by signature by the president, on an individual basis in official pamphlets called “slippage laws”, and are summarized in an official hardcover, also chronologically, as “session laws”. The session law publication for federal statutes is United States Statutes at Large. A particular act can be a single page or hundreds of pages. An act may be described as “public law” or “private law”. Codification means summarizing laws or rules in a systematic code. The codification process may consist of taking judicial decisions or legislative acts and transforming them into codified law. This process does not necessarily create a new law, it simply orders the existing law, usually depending on the subject, in a code. Papal attempts to codify the scattered mass of canon law have spanned eight centuries since Gratian wrote his Decretum around 1150. [7] In the 13th century, canon law in particular became the subject of scientific study, and Roman popes made various compilations.

The most important of these were the five books of the Decretales Gregorii IX and the Liber Sextus of Boniface VIII. Legislation has developed over time. Some of them have become obsolete and contradictions have crept in, so that it has become difficult to understand what an obligation is and where to find the law on a particular issue. Codification is the process of bringing together rules and laws into an orderly and formal code. The Code is a systematic compilation of existing laws that must be incorporated into legislation. It is a compilation of all applicable laws, including promulgated laws and case law, that cover an entire legal system or area. A code can make the formulation of legal principles and rules more concise, clear and thorough, so that people can understand the rules more quickly and completely. It contained 2,414 guns[16] and was in force until canon 6 § 1 1° of the 1983 Code of Canon Law[17] on 27 September. It entered into force in November 1983 and was therefore repealed.[18] [19] In addition to religious laws such as halacha, important codifications were developed in the ancient Roman Empire, with the compilations of the Lex Duodecim Tabularum and much later the Corpus Juris Civilis. However, these codified laws were the exception rather than the rule, as Roman laws remained largely uncodified in antiquity.

Many states publish official codes of all existing laws, compiled by code commissions and enacted by legislators. The United States Code (USC) is a compilation of federal laws, and the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) is a compendium of commercial law. Codification is one of the defining characteristics of civil courts. [contradictory] In common law systems such as English law, codification is the process of transforming and consolidating judicial law into written law. [1] [2] [3] After the First World War and the founding of the League of Nations, the need for a codification of international law arose. In September 1924, the General Assembly of the League of Nations established a Committee of Experts to codify international law, which was defined by the Assembly as comprising two aspects: the codification of law helps to identify conflicting laws, duplicate laws, and ambiguous laws. Coding creates a single source that is easily accessible to professionals and laypeople alike. Civil law courts are, by definition, based on codification. An early notable example was the statutes of Lithuania in the 16th century.

The codification movement gained momentum during the Enlightenment and was implemented in several European countries in the late 18th century (see Civil Code). However, it only spread after the promulgation of the French Napoleonic Code (1804), which greatly influenced the legal systems of many other countries. When the Vatican Council met in 1869, a number of bishops from different countries called for a new compilation of canon law that would be clear and easy to study. The Council never completed its work and no attempt was made to update the legislation. In the 19th century, this legislation included about 10,000 standards.